We’ve previously blogged about the recent popularity of the “Simple Agreement for Future Tokens” among companies engaging in coin offerings – and noted that questions had been raised about whether it was a viable solution for securities law compliance in token deals. Now, this “Crowdfund Insider” article suggests that Corp Fin may have a problem with the SAFT’s structure.
The issue seems to be whether the structure complies with the requirements of Securities Act CDI 139.01, which relates to registration of convertible securities and says that in the case of securities convertible only at the option of the issuer, the underlying securities must be registered at the time the convertible securities are registered. Here’s an excerpt:
A SAFT sold in a private security sale would give the investor the right to automatically receive tokens once the issuer registers its tokens with the SEC for public sale. Put another way, by using a SAFT an issuer is essentially doing a private pre-sale of its future public securities which is a big no-no in eyes of the SEC.
The above C&DI may not seem readily applicable on its face. However, I am currently working with CERES Coin LLC in connection with its proposed Rule 506(c)/Regulation A+ cryptocurrency offering, and have personally discussed this issue directly with the SEC.
The most important language with respect to the use of SAFTs is the underlined language above. As the SEC sees it, if a SAFT investor will automatically receive tokens in the future when (and if) the tokens are registered, without any other investor involvement, then the tokens need to be registered as of the date the SAFT is sold … period.
This Proskauer blog also suggests that the SAFT structure is under scrutiny by the SEC. Given the SAFT’s apparent popularity, if the concerns reflected in the article represent the Staff’s consensus view, some more formal guidance may be appropriate. Don’t forget our upcoming webcast: “The Latest on ICOs/Token Deals.”
ICOs: Blue Sky Cops Are On the Crypto Beat
This Cleary blog says that it isn’t just the SEC that’s on the prowl for rogue coin deals – the blue sky folks are getting into the game as well. The blog reports that Massachusetts just made a big splash by putting a halt to 5 offerings that failed to comply with state securities registration requirements. Here’s the intro:
On March 27, 2018, Massachusetts Secretary of State William Galvin announced that the state had ordered five firms to halt initial coin offerings (“ICOs”) on the grounds that the ICOs constituted unregistered offerings of securities but made no allegations of fraud. These orders follow a growing line of state enforcement actions aimed at ICOs.
This was not Massachusetts’s first foray into regulating ICOs. On January 17, 2018 the state filed a complaint alleging violations of securities and broker-dealer registration requirements against the company Caviar and its founder for an ICO that sought to create a “pooled investment fund with hedged exposure to crypto-assets and real estate debt.”
As the blog suggests, Massachusetts isn’t alone – other states are applying a gimlet eye to coin offerings in their jurisdictions.
It looks like the message regulators are sending about the applicability of the securities laws to token deals is getting across. For instance, this WSJ article says that cryptocurrency firm Coinbase is exploring the possibility of registering as a broker-dealer.
ICOs: Your Wu-Tang Clan Crypto Update
When we last updated you on the Wu-Tang Clan’s cryptocurrency activities, we reported that Ghostface Killah was planning to launch his own $30 million coin offering. We don’t know whether the current regulatory environment has put a damper on that deal – but this “Coindesk” article says that another person connected to the Wu-Tang Clan is launching an ICO of his own:
The son of ODB, the late hip-hop artist and Wu-Tang Clan member who passed away in 2004, is launching a cryptocurrency.
Young Dirty, real name Bar-Son James, is the face of the appropriately named Dirty Coin, a cryptocurrency being produced in partnership between the estate of Ol’ Dirty and Link Media Partners, an entertainment industry firm. Dirty Coin (ticker symbol ODB) will exist as a token on the TAO blockchain network, and is set to be traded on the AltMarket exchange later this year when the coin goes live.
It’s a notable launch, given last year’s spate of celebrity-endorsed ICOs – and the subsequent warning from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission that such endorsements may break “anti-touting” laws.
In the case of Dirty Coin, the project is aimed at both serving as a funding base for an upcoming Young Dirty album, as well as a means for fans to access shows and buy merchandise. The coin will be able to be used to purchase merchandise tied to the late rapper as well.
Be sure to check out our “Wu-Tang Clan” Practice Area for the latest developments.
– John Jenkins