December 3, 2021
SEC Adopts Final Rules under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act
Yesterday, the SEC adopted amendments to finalize rules implementing the submission and disclosure requirements in the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act. These rules apply to issuers that the SEC identifies as having filed an annual report with an audit report issued by a registered public accounting firm that is located in a foreign jurisdiction and that the PCAOB is unable to inspect or investigate (referred to as “Commission-Identified Issuers”).
Consistent with the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, the amendments require Commission-Identified Issuers to submit documentation to the SEC through the EDGAR system on or before its annual report due date that establishes that it is not owned or controlled by a governmental entity in its public accounting firm’s foreign jurisdiction. The amendments also require an Commission-Identified Issuer that is also a “foreign issuer,” as defined in Exchange Act Rule 3b-4, to provide certain additional specified disclosures in their annual report for itself and its consolidated foreign operating entity or entities, including any variable-interest entity or similar structure that results in additional foreign entities being consolidated in the registrant’s financial statements. The required disclosures include:
- During the period covered by the form, the registered public accounting firm has prepared an audit report for the issuer;
- The percentage of the shares of the issuer owned by governmental entities in the foreign jurisdiction in which the issuer is incorporated or otherwise organized;
- Whether governmental entities in the applicable foreign jurisdiction with respect to that registered public accounting firm have a controlling financial interest with respect to the issuer;
- The name of each official of the Chinese Communist Party who is a member of the board of directors of the issuer or the operating entity with respect to the issuer; and
- Whether the articles of incorporation of the issuer (or equivalent organizing document) contains any charter of the Chinese Communist Party, including the text of any such charter.
The SEC will identify an issuer as a Commission-Identified Issuer as early as possible after the issuer files its annual report and on a rolling basis. The SEC will “provisionally identify” an issuer as a Commission-Identified Issuer on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov/HFCAA. For 15 business days after this provisional identification, an issuer may email the SEC if it believes it has been incorrectly identified, providing evidence supporting its claim. After reviewing the information, the issuer will be notified whether the SEC will “conclusively identify” the registrant as a Commission-Identified Issuer. If the issuer does not contact the SEC to dispute the provisional identification within 15 business days, the SEC will conclusively identify the issuer as a Commission-Identified Issuer. The SEC will publish a list on its website identifying Commission-Identified Issuers, indicating the number of years a Commission-Identified Issuer has been published on the list, and noting whether the Commission-Identified Issuer has been subject to any prior trading prohibitions.
The SEC will impose an initial trading prohibition on an issuer as soon as practicable after it is conclusively identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer for three consecutive years. If the SEC ends the initial trading prohibition and, thereafter, the issuer is again determined to be a Commission-Identified Issuer, the SEC will impose a subsequent trading prohibition on the issuer for a minimum of five years. To end an initial or subsequent trading prohibition, a Commission-Identified Issuer must certify that it has retained or will retain a registered public accounting firm that the PCAOB has determined it is able to inspect or investigate. To make that certification, the Commission-Identified Issuer must file financial statements that include an audit report signed by such a registered public accounting firm.
– Dave Lynn