A few years ago, Broc blogged about a VC appointing a robot director. Turns out their announcement was a play on words. But when it comes to director recruitment – the future is now? This paper shows that directors selected using an algorithm would perform better – based on shareholder approval numbers & company profitability – than individuals selected by the company’s board. Here’s an excerpt of the findings from this “Harvard Law” blog:
The differences between the directors suggested by the algorithm and those actually selected by firms allow us to assess the features that are overrated in the director nomination process. Comparing predictably unpopular directors to promising candidates suggested by the algorithm, it appears that firms choose directors who are much more likely to be male, have a large network, have a lot of board experience, currently serve on more boards, and have a finance background.
In a sense, the algorithm is saying exactly what institutional shareholders have been saying for a long time: that directors who are not old friends of management and come from different backgrounds are more likely to monitor management. In addition, less connected directors potentially provide different and potentially more useful opinions about policy. For example, TIAA has had a corporate governance policy aimed in large part to diversify boards of directors since the 1990s for this reason.
An important benefit of algorithms is that they are not prone to the agency conflicts that occur when boards and CEOs together select new directors. Institutional investors are likely to find this attribute particularly appealing and are likely to use their influence to encourage boards to rely on an algorithm such as the one presented here for director selections in the future.
SIFMA’s Report to Help More Companies Go & Stay Public
In this recent report, SIFMA (“Securities Industry & Financial Markets Association”) – which represents brokers, banks & asset managers – gives its two cents about what’s behind the declining number of public companies, why this is bad, and how to fix it. Not surprisingly, they suggested reducing the compliance burden (as opposed to SEC Commissioner Rob Jackson’s recent suggestion that underwriters need to reduce their fees). This Gibson Dunn memo summarizes the many recommendations:
1. Expand & lengthen the EGC exemptions under the JOBS Act
2. Encourage more research coverage of EGCs and other small public companies by allowing investment banks & analysts to jointly attend pitch meetings and relaxing restrictions on communications during an offering
3. Reduce the “administrative burden” of public reporting and the influence of activist shareholders & proxy advisory firms
4. Allow all companies to use Form S-3 – and allow underwriters to communicate on behalf of WKSIs before filing a registration statement
5. Implement a revenue-only test for smaller reporting companies, and raise the cap so that more companies would qualify
6. Tailor the equity market structure for small public companies, by allowing smaller tick sizes and limiting their shares to fewer exchanges (however, smaller exchanges are arguing this would be anti-competitive)
And see this “Radical Compliance” blog for another hypothesis on declining IPOs: the real issue isn’t that companies are afraid of going public because of fees or compliance, the issue is that it’s easy to stay private because there’s loads of money in that space…
ISS Launches a New “Help Center”
The ISS Help Center may be used by companies, law firms, consultants, and other third-parties who register. It includes FAQs & allows you to connect with ISS about research reports, engagement, peer groups, and equity plan verification – among other matters.
ISS will no longer take questions via email to the Global Research Help Desk and is eliminating various other legacy global e-mail addresses that were previously used to submit inquiries to ISS.
– Liz Dunshee