Marty Dunn, the Deputy Director (Legal) of Corp Fin, has deservedly been named Acting Director to head up Corp Fin now that Alan Beller has left and before John White assumes the directorship on March 20th. Marty has been with Corp Fin since 1988.
Notes from the SEC’s Small Business Advisory Committee Meeting
I blogged last week briefly about the SEC’s Small Business Advisory Committee latest meeting. Here are more extensive notes about the meeting from FEI’s “Section 404 Blog,” which are partially repeated below:
“The SEC Advisory Committee on Smaller Public Companies (SEC ACSPC) voted unamimously at its public meeting to release for public comment its Exposure Draft (ED) of what will ultimately be its “Final Report” to the SEC. The ED contains over 30 recommendations regarding improving regulation of smaller public companies, and and is expected to be formally released for public comment by Feb. 24 or shortly therafter. There will be a 30 day comment period on the ED. A summary of what is expected to be in the ED, based on a “draft of the ED” posted on the SEC’s website for informational purposes as of Feb. 14, 2006, is available here.
Among the most controversial, if not the most controversial, of the SEC ACSPC’s recommendations, concerns its recommendation to exempt microcaps and smallcaps from certain provisions of Section 404. The size threshholds the SEC ACSPC proposes to use to define “microcap” and “smallcap” companies generally are :
- under $128 million market cap for microcaps, and
- between $128 million and $787 million for “smallcaps”.
For puposes of the Section 404 exemptions specifically, the SEC ACSPC adds an additonal metric relating to revenue to determine which companies would be exempted under Section 404:
- microcaps (as defined above) with less than $125 million revenue, and
- smallcaps (as defined above) with less than $10 million revenue.
Additionally, smallcaps (as defined above) with more than $10 million in revenue, but less than $250 million in revenue, would be exempt from the auditor attestation portion of Section 404 only [Section 404(b)] but not from the management report requirment under Section 404 [Section 404(a)].
Further, the SEC ACSPC recommends that if the SEC decides not to offer such exemptions, that the SEC ask the PCAOB to issue a more “cost-effective” version of an auditing standard, referred to generically as “ASX,” which the SEC ACSPC recommends to be scoped more narrowly than the current auditing standard (AS2). ASX is proposed to encompass: “an audit of the design and implementation of internal control over financial reporting.”
Also, the SEC ACSPC recommends that the SEC and PCAOB provide additional guidance “to help clarify and encourage greater cost-effectiveness in the implementation of AS2.”
Although the SEC ACSPC voted unanimously to release the ED for public comment, some dissenting views were voiced, particularly with respect to the Section 404 related recommendations, and dissenting views submited by SEC ACSPC members prior to Feb. 23 will be included in the ED, said SEC ACSPC co-chair Herb Wander at the Feb. 21 meeting. Among those expressing dissenting views on the Section 404 exemptions were Mark Jensen of Deloitte, John Veihmeyer of KPMG, and Kurt Schacht of CFA Institute. (Info on members of the SEC ACSPC is available here.)
One SEC ACSPC member from a smaller bank expressed frustration at the dissent of the members of Big 4 accounting firms, noting the perception that Big 4 firms had abandoned smaller companies under the pressure to complete 404 audits for larger companies, noting some referred to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act as the ‘full employment act for auditors.’”
The “Sith Lord” Analyst Conference Call
I’m just loosely following the battle between Overstock.com’s CEO Patrick Byrne and those that he alleges are conspiring against the company (a short-selling hedge fund, an independent research firm and others – here are the pleadings in that lawsuit), but I found this Joe Nocera column in Saturday’s NY Times about the “Sith Lord” analyst conference call to be quite amusing (you need to provide your email address to access an archive of that call). Here is an excerpt from that column:
“If you know anything about Patrick Byrne, it’s probably his famous “Sith Lord” conference call. Held last summer, it was an hourlong monologue during which Mr. Byrne laid out a vast, overarching conspiracy, made up of dozens of Wall Street players — including the New York attorney general, Eliot Spitzer! — all under the thumb of an mysterious puppet master, whom Mr. Byrne labeled the Sith Lord. He titled the conspiracy “The Miscreants’ Ball,” an obvious reference to Michael Milken’s old Predators’ Ball.
Although Mr. Byrne told me that his Sith Lord speech ranked among “the 10 proudest moments of my life,” most people, including me, thought it was loony beyond belief. Roddy Boyd of The New York Post recalled hearing about it from someone on Wall Street. “When he described it, I thought he was embellishing,” Mr. Boyd said. But when he listened to the replay, ‘my jaw dropped — you cannot make up what occurred on that phone call.’”
On Friday, Nasdaq filed a proposed rule change which sets forth a proposed process of how Nasdaq issuers would transition the registration of their securities from Section 12(g) to Section 12(b) as Nasdaq officially becomes a national securities exchange (which likely will occur in early April). This is an issue that I blogged about last week in the context of which Section 12 box to check on the cover page of the upcoming Form 10-Ks.
The Nasdaq’s proposed rule would allow an easy transition of the registration of the securities for its 3200 companies from Section 12(g) to Section 12(b) without each company having to file their own Form 8-A. Each Nasdaq company would have a 10-day window to “opt out” of this process – but I can’t imagine any company would want to do that as they then would either have to file their own Form 8-A or be kicked down to the Pink Sheets or the OTC Bulletin Board.
No word yet on how – and if – ’34 Act filing numbers for each Nasdaq company would change…
The Latest Pfizer Proxy Statement
Always striving to be a disclosure leader, Pfizer’s latest proxy statement filed Friday is no exception. As I am sure Mark Borges will be blogging about shortly in his “Proxy Disclosure Blog,” Pfizer voluntarily makes quite a few of the new disclosures that are discussed in the SEC’s recent executive compensation proposals.
Here is a quote from me in a Dow Jones article about Pfizer’s disclosure, “Given that investors are demanding the types of disclosures that the SEC has proposed, it makes sense that companies would voluntarily make them this year rather than wait for the SEC to adopt final rules.”
FEI’s Staff Notes from the PCAOB’s SAG Meeting: Auditor Liability Limits
A few weeks back, I asked if anyone had taken notes during the PCAOB’s Standing Advisory Group February 9th meeting, during which auditor liability clauses were debated.
- Some members of PCAOB staff and members of SAG have heard anecdotally that litigation related clauses have become widespread; others said there is a lack of data on this and suggested the PCAOB gather facts to present subsequently to SAG.
- Specific types of litigation related clauses which auditors are putting in engagement letters with clients include:
1. Indemnification – which virtually everyone agreed, for public company audits, would clearly be violation of SEC independence rules; nothing to debate here.
2. Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) – many not troubled by this as a commercial agreement between two business parties like any other vendor agreement, some think its cheaper than going to jury trial, consumer rep says recent studies say ADR is not much cheaper, investor reps said the problem with these clauses is they are out of the sunshine, unlike in court system, where even if ultimately settled out of court, a complaint is filed which public has access to, without such filing, investors have no way of knowing if certain firms are being subject to a lot of these ADR private proceedings, etc,. companies do not seem to be disclosing such agreements (with noted exceptions of Sun Microsystems and another company); how can shareholders ratify auditors if they don’t have this info, etc.
3. Limitation of liability - punitive damages , or actual damages, some of the same investor concerns as stated for ADRs above, also, debate about whether limitation of liability clauses with auditors pose an independence issue per se, and even if not, doesn’t it effect auditors performance, wouldn’t they put their best resources on their riskiest clients (i.e.., the ones that don’t sign of f on limitation of liability); term “actual damages” is undefined, subjective, unknown.
- Some believe there is distinction in how “permissible” some of these clauses should be and were troubled by PCAOB staff seeming to blend or group some of these diff types of clauses together for discussion; others troubled by all the clauses; some said it was problematic to ask SAG to discuss this without providing any data as to how prevalent these clauses are.
- Nick Cyprus (who is a member of FEI’s Committee on Corporate Reporting (CCR) provided overall statistics from an informal survey CCR recently conducted: 22 companies responded, 64% percent have ADR clauses;, 100 percent% did not disclose them. Cyprus added that his view was, having heard the SAG’s discussion, “if you have this language in your agreements with auditors, you should be disclosing it.”
- Some pointed out they might not object to ADR clauses generally, but they would if it prohibited discovery of documents or ability to call on witnesses.
- Some also pointed out they would not necessarily object to certain litigation related clauses like ADR if it was a matter of negotiation between auditor and client, but some understand there are instances in which auditors have given client no choice: to either sign the engagement letter with such a clause, or the auditor would resign.
- Some believe audit committees and board members are not fully aware of such clauses being asked of them; others believe it puts audit committee member at increased risk in their fiduciary role by signing engagement letters that limit the liability of their auditors vis a vis the company, or that could potentially put company at disadvantage vs. the auditors; a PCAOB board member asked that research be done as to whether a company could still sue its auditor in a derivative suit (even for negligence) if such clauses were signed.
- There was discussion as to whether there should be any requirement for auditors’ communication with audit committees as to any such proposed clauses, as well as whether there should be any requirement for companies to disclose any such litigation related clauses entered into with its auditors.
- It was noted that the AICPA proposed standard (applicable to audits of non-issuers; PCAOB standards apply to audits of issuers – “issuers” generally meaning public companies or companies subject to Sarbanes-Oxley Act) in September 2005 on this topic; AICPA currently is reviewing comment letters filed.
Recently, the Article 29 Working Party of the European Commission adopted a pan-European approach to Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblowing. It is similar to the French model, but with a broader reach – now U.S. companies operating throughout the EU will now have to comply in other countries beyond France and Germany.
In this podcast, Mark Schreiber of Edwards Angell Palmer & Dodge and Robert Bond of Faegre & Benson discuss these latest developments in the European Union. We have posted a copy of the EU Opinion in our “Whistleblowers” Practice Area.
Record Individual Auditor Penalties Levied by SEC in Xerox Enforcement Action
On Wednesday, the SEC settled an action, related to audits of Xerox, against four former and current KPMG partners, including a former leading partner in the accounting profession. Two auditors each agreed to pay a civil penalty of $150,000 and one agreed to pay $100,000 (and a sanction against a concurring or review partner). These are record payments from an auditor’s own pocket. According to this NY Times article, the SEC previously has obtained fines against seven individual auditors in four cases, none more than $85,000.
These fines are insignificant compared to the penalties already collected related to the Xerox audits. As you might recall, six former Xerox executives agreed in mid-2003 to pay more than $22 million – and Xerox agreed to pay $10 million in April 2002. However, the amounts in this new settlement are notable since they come from someone’s own pocketbook rather than “deep pockets.”
Fannie Mae Report: Over 2600 Pages!
Good grief! Not to be outdone by Richard Breeden’s tomes on WorldCom and Hollinger, the Fannie Mae report released yesterday by former U.S. Senator Warren Rudman and Paul Weiss totals nearly 700 pages – and over 2600 pages when you include the appendices. That’s a whole lot of billables! This 34-page executive summary is even barely manageable for someone with such a short attention span like me. [When I was a kid, I preferred the Classics Comics over the classics themselves. They were easier than Cliffnotes. Still have a few laying around.]
This article from the Washington Post today paints an interesting picture of the former Fannie Mae CFO going ballistic when the company’s audit committee chair had the nerve to call the Fannie Mae internal auditor in ’04 (ie. post-SOX). Sounds like a domineering CFO….
Lynn Turner of Glass Lewis gives us a history lesson: “Often one reads that SOX was hastily created by Congress without much thought. However, that position is usually espoused by people who had – or have – no knowledge of the legislative history, or quite frankly oppose the regulation.
The intial “roots” of Sarbanes-Oxley go back to the ’72-’73 Bear market and scandals such as Penn Central, Equity Funding, National Student Marketing – as well as the corporate corrupt payments and bribes that came to light during the Watergate investigations and other such shenanagins. During that time, Congress held many hearings into corporate governance practices and the accounting profession in general. The Congressional Staff also undertook an investigation and created a Staff Report on the accounting profession.
As a result of these deliberations, legislation was introduced in 1978 on these problems and further hearings were held. However, after the death of one key Congressional backer and another backer decided not to stand for re-election, this legislation stalled. This legislation would have created an oversight body for the accounting profession – similar to today’s PCAOB – and would have strengthened audit committees.
Similar legislation was considered once again by members of Congress, regulators and the profession during the debate over the ’95 tort reform legislation known as PSLRA. However, no legislation was enacted.
In 2002, after 42 further witnesses presented during 10 days of public hearings, the Senate passed a precursor to Sarbanes-Oxley. Then, the House conducted numerous hearings and heard from many witnesses. After the WorldCom scandal came to light, both the Senate and House overwhelmingly adopted Sarbanes-Oxley – which included many similarities to the ’78 legislation (in some places, it is nearly word for word). Not exactly what one might call a ‘rush to judgment.’”
Lynn’s history lesson above is clearly directed towards beating back the recent lawsuit that questions the constitutionality of Sarbanes-Oxley. Many commentators have expressed similar sentiments that this would be a mistake, such as this editorial.
As an aside, it is interesting that the co-plaintiff CPA firm – Beckstead & Watts – that brought this lawsuit (which would disband the PCAOB if successful) was recently the subject of a highly critical PCAOB inspection report. According to the September 2005 report, this small firm was auditing 61 public companies, despite having only one partner and two staffers! And that my friend is not a typo…
[Side note: In relation to my comment yesterday that the mainstream press wouldn't necessarily be familiar with the plurality voting concept, a member reminded me that no candidate in the 2000, 1996 and 1992 Presidential elections reached a majority. Not quite on point, but a pretty interesting fact. Check out the Presidential voting results from the past 150 years on this cool site.]
Thoughts on CEO Succession Planning
In this podcast, Jo Bennett of Battalia Winston International (an executive search firm) provides some pointers regarding CEO succession planning, including:
- How should boards plan for orderly succession planning?
- How about emergency succession planning?
- Are there any developments recently changing how boards plan?
- Should boards have any written policies regarding planning – or is it more of an informal process?
Add SuperValu and Gannett to the list of companies that have adopted a pure majority voting standard for director elections. They follow in the footsteps of Intel and Dell in recent weeks. Here is SuperValu’s Form 8-K that describes this change; Gannett hasn’t yet filed this change with the SEC, but here is a copy of the company’s restated bylaws (see Article II, Section 6). Interestingly, Gannett adopted a director resignation guideline a few months ago and has now taken this additional step.
As promised, we have announced a new webcast – “Practical Considerations: Implementing a Majority Vote Standard” – during which a panel with “real life” experience will educate us on how to implement a majority vote (and related) standard. You know, the practical stuff – we will leave the debating over whether the majority vote standard is a good idea or not for the academics (although former Chief Justice Veasey will provide an overview of that debate when he discusses the ABA’s report). Representatives from Intel and Dell will tell their stories; as well as Pfizer and Paychex. I am pretty excited about this one!
As an aside, it’s not surprising how much confusion exists over precisely what is a majority vote standard. For example, this article claims that Nike has changed its plurality standard – but I believe Nike merely has adopted a director resignation policy that overlays a plurality standard. Hard to tell since Nike has not made any related SEC filing nor provided any other information on its website – but many of the articles on this subject tell conflicting stories. I don’t blame the reporters as the concept of plurality voting doesn’t exist in our political framework.
Draft of Final Report from SEC’s Small Business Advisory Committee
Ethics matter. That supposedly is the gist of the story of the RadioShack CEO being forced to resign. But Floyd Norris of the NY Times provides the gory details in this article about how the board arguably hasn’t done its job to protect the company and shareholders. This Form 8-K includes a copy of the CEO’s resignation agreement.
The departing CEO not only will receive $1 million in quarterly payments – but he has one year to exercise his 1.63 million options (which are underwater today); all in exchange for a 18-month noncompete. This from a company that may very well cease to exist before the 18-month period expires. And you wonder why the company desperately seeks a turnaround? If you or I got fired, I guarantee you that we wouldn’t even get that nice watch.
[My Olympic beef - If I never see Bob Costas again, I will survive. What is with NBC trying to break down our athletes so that they go negative. Enough with trying to create a Shani/Chad war, prodding Apolo Anton Ohno to whine that he "only" got bronze, or condemning Lindsey Jacobellis for "settling" for a silver? Lord knows what they will do to Sasha if she falls tomorrow. These people don't even get paid - they truly love their sport! I would like to strap all those NBC suits who think that this negative attitude is what the American public wants to hear into a luge and let her rip...]
In Sunday’s NY Times, Gretchen Morgenson’s column delves into the disclosures made in Analog Device’s recent proxy statement that the CEO received $145 million in deferred compensation last year – as Gretchen notes, “a money mountain that is remarkable not only for its size but also for what it included.” The CEO earned interest at a level about 50% above the market rate – and was allowed to defer amounts earned from exercised options in addition to salary and bonus.
Analog Devices is to be commended for voluntarily making this type of disclosure (as we hope all companies will, since the SEC’s proposal likely will be adopted in time to require it next year anyways). But it likely won’t be lost on investors that Analog Devices is in the midst of settling a SEC enforcement action initiated in late 2004 that relates to its compensation practices (i.e. timing of the option grants) – and now they have to consider this disclosure piled on top of that when considering the effectiveness of the company’s compensation committee and board.
Related Party Transactions: What Disclosures You Need to Make Now!
We have posted the transcript from the popular CompensationStandards.com webcast: “Related Party Transactions: What Disclosures You Need to Make Now!”
In our “Q&A Forum,” the rapid pace of questions continues unabated to the point that I am unsure if I can keep up so diligently. We shot past the threshold of 1500 questions last week (with another 275 in the “Rule 144 Q&A Forum“).
Remember! Please feel free to answer any questions in any of the Forums – even if just want to kibitz about (or correct) an answer that is already posted! Your reply can be anonymous or with attribution…
On all of these Forums, the vast majority of questions posed are answered – and the number of questions listed above actually underestimate the real totals as the numerous follow-ups aren’t counted as new questions with our software. And don’t forget that all answers are completely disclaimed!
As noted in this press release, Nasdaq’s application to become a national securities exchange has been approved by the SEC. For those of you listed on Nasdaq, you might wonder if you need to check the “12(b)” box for this year’s 10-K.
As you might recall, companies listed on a national securities exchange must register their securities under Section 12(b) of the ’34 Act – all others register under Section 12(g). So Nasdaq companies historically have been required to register under Section 12(g) because Nasdaq was not an exchange – and these companies received a ’34 Act filing number that begins with a “0-.” In comparison, companies filing under Section 12(b) get a ’34 Act filing number that begins with a “1-.”
The answer depends on when you file and when the Nasdaq’s transition to a national securities exchange becomes final. As noted in the SEC’s approval order, this transition is expected to occur in April – meaning that any companies filing 10-Ks before then don’t have to worry about checking the 12(b) box.
Your next question might be: Do I have to file a Form 8-A to get my new ’34 Act filing number when Nasdaq officially becomes an exchange? This query is addressed in footnote 207 of the SEC’s approval order, which intimates that the Nasdaq is working with the SEC so that when that magical day happens in April, the thousands of Nasdaq companies out there won’t all have to file an 8-A (as an exemptive relief request from Nasdaq to the SEC is expected to do the trick for them). Then, I believe Nasdaq intends to send a new 1934 Act # – as assigned by the SEC – to each of its listed companies.
This topic – and other ones related to the Nasdaq’s transition to an exchange – will be addressed in either the upcoming issue of The Corporate Counsel (expected to be mailed in about 10 days) or the subsequent issue (which is expected to be mailed near the end of March).
Beware: 10-K Trap for the Unwary
I continue to hear from members troubled by the new requirement imposed by the JOBS Act – now embedded in the Internal Revenue Code (and in Revenue Procedure 2005-51) – that requires companies to disclose certain tax penalties in Item 3 (Legal Proceedings) of Form 10-K, regardless of materiality.
The concern comes from the process typically used to prepare a 10-K: to determine whether there have been any regulatory changes since the prior year, one conducts a “form check” on the 10-K by referring to the form itself and Reg S-K and Reg S-X. This new disclosure requirement is nowhere to be found in the form or the SEC’s rules and regulations.
The SEC and PCAOB have announced that they will hold another joint roundtable on internal controls issues on May 10th at the SEC’s HQ in Washington DC. They hope to receive feedback to be addressed during the roundtable – they are seeking written comments on 404 issues by May 1st. They hosted a similar roundtable last spring.
Gotta give some love to SEC Commissioner Paul Atkins for citing one of my podcasts in footnote 3 of his speech in San Diego. Thanks!
Nasdaq to Create A New Tier of Listings
Yesterday, Nasdaq unveiled plans to create a third market “with the highest listing standards in the world.” Nasdaq plans to launch its new “Global Select Market” on July 1st with the top companies already listed on the Nasdaq – apparently, over 1,000 Nasdaq companies qualify for the new Global Select tier (and reportedly 250 of the existing NYSE companies wouldn’t qualify). Details of the listing standards were not released – although the press release states: “The continued listing standards will be the same for the Global Select and the Global Markets.”
In addition, the Nasdaq National Market has been renamed the “NASDAQ Global Market” and the Nasdaq Capital Market (the former Nasdaq Small Cap Market) retains its current name.
Understanding Board Extranets
In this podcast, Greg Radner, Executive Vice President of Thomson Financial’s Corporate Executive Services and Product Manager of BoardLink, provides some insight into the latest technologies that facilitate board communications, including:
- What are you seeing companies do in the area of board communications? What are the major trends?
- What concerns do directors have about going online for board communications?
- What is driving directors and companies to look to this type of solution? Are there legal and compliance issues that online services like this can address?
A month back, I blogged about the case filed against some auditors for allegedly aiding and abetting by doing nothing. Now comes an aspect of that same case that involves lawyers. Keith Bishop reports:
“Although it turned out better for the lawyers this time around, it is still somewhat frightening. I found two aspects of the case to be interesting. First, this is the only case that I can remember that involves claims based on allegedly incorrect Investment Company Act and Investment Adviser Act opinions. The plaintiffs claimed that these incorrect opinions allowed evasion of registration, which presumably would have allowed the SEC to detect the illegal activities of the clients.
Second, the plaintiffs also tried to pin liability on the lawyers for blocking an SEC investigation and delaying provisional relief. The disposition of the case does not involve resolution of the plaintiffs’ factual allegations as the Court of Appeal applied a California statute (ie. SLAPP -Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation) that provides for the early dismissal of certain unmeritorious claims concerning a defendant’s constitutionally protected speech or petitioning activity.
An important – but unresolved – question raised by this case is when does advocacy on behalf of a client in an SEC investigation turn into liability to the investors?” We have posted a copy of this court opinion in our “Attorney Responsibility” Practice Area.
A Philosophy for Drafting Agreements
In the latest installment of “Carl’s Corner,” learn from the master, Carl Schneider, about the philosophy you should consider when drafting agreements.
Romeo & Dye Section 16 Deskbook Now Available!
Peter and Alan have just finished their new 2006 Edition of the “Section 16 Deskbook,” which is more comprehensive (and functional) than the annual Section 16 Outline. The Deskbook now takes the Outline’s place as part of the Romeo & Dye Section 16 Annual Service. So if you have renewed your Annual Service, you should receive your copy soon – if not, try a no-risk trial today to receive it pronto!
Happy Valentine’s Day to my Nephew Smitmie. He’ll be 12 ½ on thursday. When I take him shopping, he just wants to buy-out everything in the store. He’s so cute and much smarter than most.
You’d never guess it from its face, but the bizarre message above actually was the basis for the SEC”s insider trading case filed and settled recently against one William A. Day, a.k.a. “auntbetty1234.”
The SEC’s litigation release explains that on February 14, 2002, London, England-based Smith & Nephew, plc. and Oratec Interventions, Inc. publicly announced that they had entered into an agreement for Smith & Nephew to acquire all outstanding shares of Oratec through a tender offer of $12.50 per share. The SEC says that on February 13, 2002, approximately twenty-four hours before the acquisition was publicly announced, Day made the anonymous posting above using the online alias “auntbetty1234” on an internet message board dedicated to Oratec, the contents of which revealed that he possessed material, nonpublic information regarding the tender offer, including:
- the name of the acquiring company (“Nephew Smitmie”);
- the price per share (“He’ll be 12 ½”);
- the tender offer structure (“buy-out “);
- and the offer announcement date (“Happy Valentine’s Day”).
“Much smarter than most?” I don’t think so.
[Personal note: If you loved "Say Anything" by Cameron Crowe like I did, there is a nice article about Lloyd Dobler in today's Washington Post. I even went so far as marrying a Diane - and I met her at a "kegger." Remember the classic line from the movie, "You don't meet someone like Diane Court at a kegger." Well, I did!]
Your Upcoming Proxy Disclosures—What You Need to Do Now!
We have posted the transcript from the popular CompensationStandards.com webcast: “Your Upcoming Proxy Disclosures—What You Need to Do Now!”
Web-Based Governance Tools
In this podcast, Diane Brown, Executive Vice President and General Manager of CT and Wolters Kluwer Corporate Legal Services, provides some insight into the latest technologies that facilitate corporate governance, including:
- As technology evolves, what do you see to be corporate secretaries’ top governance and compliance concerns?
- What’s new about the latest version of hCue?
- Why did you decide to add document management capabilities?
- Where do you see hCue going in the future?